Facts about Montenegro
Find out where the oldest olive tree in Europe lives, when Montenegro became the first ecological country in the world, and other interesting facts about this fascinating country.
Facts about Montenegro
Position of Montenegro
Despite being a small country, Montenegro will delight you with its diversity, the result of its geographical position and climate. It belongs to the middle Mediterranean, or Southern Europe. Easily accessible, it borders Serbia to the north, Kosovo and Albania to the southeast, the Adriatic Sea to the south with Italy on the other side, and Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina to the west.
Data in figures
Area: 13,812 km²
Border length: 614 km
Capital: Podgorica (186,000 inhabitants) - administrative and economic center
Capital: Cetinje - historical and cultural center
Length of the sea coast: 293 km
Number of beaches: 117
Length of beaches: 52 km
Longest beach: Velika plaža (Ulcinj) - 13 km
Highest peaks: Zla Kolata (Prokletije) - 2,534 meters above sea level, Maja Rosit (Prokletije) - 2,524 meters above sea level, Dobra Kolata (Prokletije) - 2,528 meters above sea level, Bobotov Kuk (Durmitor) - 2,523 meters above sea level.
Largest lake: Skadar lake
Deepest canyon: Tara (1,333 m)
National parks: Durmitor, Biogradska gora, Skadar Lake, Lovcen, Prokletije
Largest bay: Bay of Kotor
Average air temperature: 27.4 ºC (summer)
Maximum sea temperature: 27.1 º C
Average number of sunny days per year: 240
Bathing season: 180 days
Sea: dark blue
Sea transparency: 38 - 56 m
Time zone: GTM +1
Electrical system: 220V / 50Hz
- The Bay of Kotor is the southernmost fjord in the world.
- Tara Canyon is the deepest canyon in Europe.
- Ostrog Monastery is one of the largest Orthodox shrines in the world. It is visited by members of all faiths.
- The oldest tree in Europe lives in Bar: This old olive tree is over 2,000 years old. The circumference of her tree is about 10 m. For more than 1,000 years, most of the 100,000 olive trees in the municipality of Bar have existed.
- Skadar Lake is the largest lake in the Balkans.
- Montenegro is home to the unique phoenix plant: the delicate Ramonda Serbica, a legally protected flowering plant that grows on the slopes of Rumija, and when it dries it can come back to life with the first rains.
- The only habitat of the black salamander (Salamandra atra) in Montenegro is on the mountain Bogićevica (Prokletije), at an altitude of 1,952 m.
- Montenegro became the first ecological state in the world, with the adoption of the Declaration in Žabljak on September 20, 1991.
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