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Montenegrin pit among the 18 deepest
Secrets of Montenegrin karst are getting more and more available to the public thanks to speleologists from the Czech Republic which have been exploring caves and pits in this area since 1985. After they have managed to get to the longest cave in Montenegro, in the area of Vražji firovi in Bistrica – the area of Bijelo Polje, only recently they have discovered the deepest pit, which they have called “Iron Deep”, on the mount Maganik in the area of municipality of Kolašin. A group of Czech speleologists started exploring Maganik in 2009 when they found a 429-meter vertical and called it “Nyh”. Having the hint based on the previous years’ experiences they have continued their exploration convinced that Maganik is a real speleological mine.
During the five expeditions which lasted three weeks each they discovered a 365 meters deep vertical “Eter” in the second longest pit in Montenegro. Now a pit Iron Deep has been discovered which is 1150 meters deep and is the deepest pit in the country. During the exploration three members of the Sports–Speleological Association “Akovo” from Bijelo Polje and speleologist Miloš Pavićevićem from Podgorica joined the Czech crew.
After this exploration Pavićević became the first Montenegrin who got down to a over 1 kilometer deep pit. He stayed there almost 4 days and it took full 24 hours to get out from it.
“The pit is interesting not only for its depth which is not final but also for its horizontal corridors which connect it with other independent vertical systems. In the cave now there are three independent active channels through which water runs which is the indicator that the pit is even deeper. We estimate that its depth will be over 1300 meters,” the expedition leader Zdenjek Dvorzak said.
With a newly discovered over 1 kilometer deep pit, Montenegro joined 18 countries in the world with pits deeper than 1 kilometer. In the Balkan area Slovenia and Croatia have such pits.
“Apart from the project Maganik, speleological clubs from the city of Brno, the Czech Republic, have also thoroughly explored Đalovića Pećina. Their work, although volunteer, by its seriousness and quality of exploration does not lag behind professional explorations. All the things that have been explored and that will be done in the future are a material trace which will be used later by the local speleologists,” Izudin Gušmirović says, officer in the Czech Republic Consulate in Podgorica.
Members of the Mountaineering-Sports-Speleological Association “Akovo” from Bijelo Polje Željko Madžgalj, Mirsad Badžić and Miloš Pavićević, have been developing for months now a regional speleological cadastre which includes municipalities of Kolašin, Mojkovac, Berane and Bijelo Polje. They expect to explore over 300 sites by the 1st May.
As soon as the cadastre is completed secrets of Montenegrin karst will be available to those who are curious to see them, scientists and those who love and enjoy pits and caves. Apart from locations and names of sites the cadastre will contain all characteristics of individual caves, President of the MSSA “Akovo”, Željko Madžgalj says.